One of my all-time favourite succulents is the jade plant. The expansion is simple. It doesn’t require extensive maintenance. Plus, it makes you look like a queen sitting on the Iron Throne, although one whose throne is built of potted plants rather than the blades of the slain.
A jade plant is a must-have for any serious succulent collector (or 12). Jade, which grows like a tree and has paddle-shaped leaves, is stunning, low-maintenance, and, get this, can outlive you.
Absolutely, positively, 100% true! Jade has a reputation for being extremely durable. The longer you take care of yours, the more likely it is that it will be around to tell your grandchildren embarrassing stories about you. That’s what Mother Nature would prefer, after all.
The Jade Plant’s Tinder profile, if it existed, might read like follows:
- Some Fundamentals of the Jade Plant Watering and Illuminating
- Botanical names: Crassula argentea, Crassula ovata
- Full sun, partial sun, or no sun required
- Ideally, you’d have sandy soil.
Although it is a succulent, Jade is not as drought-resistant as some others. It prefers a somewhat damp but not soggy soil during the growing season (spring and summer), and a slightly drier environment during the dormant season (autumn and winter) (fall and winter).
Phosphorus and hydrogen ions are both neutral in soil.
To ensure Jade’s survival in temperatures of 50 degrees Fahrenheit or less, bring it inside whenever the temperature drops below that mark. Although jade has many other strengths, it is not resistant to the cold.
Learn the Ins and Outs of Jade Sowing and Cultivation
To begin with, though: If you need assistance selecting your plant, a reliable grower is a good resource. Instead of shopping at a supermarket or mega-garden centre, try tracking down a local succulent grower. It’s true that you’ll be supporting local businesses when you shop here for quality goods. Well done!
The next step is to decide on a container for your new jade plant. Choose a large and deep pot. Your jade should not become top-heavy and topple over like a damsel in distress as it ages. Growing healthy, self-sufficient women in our jade plants is a top priority.
Place some sand or pea gravel at the bottom of the container. That way, your jade will drain properly. Without proper drainage, a succulent will quickly become frustrated.
Then, cover it with a layer of potting soil formulated for succulents or cacti. Put in your jade plant, making sure to only slightly wiggle the roots as you set it in the container. Fill in the space between the potting soil and the bottom of the container with a mixture of pea gravel, sand, and potting soil. Put down a final layer of pea gravel because it is adorable and practical, just like the best things in life.
Don’t worry about watering it anymore. Do not water for at least a week to allow the roots to establish themselves.
What You Need to Know About Propagating Jade from a Cutting or a Leaf
Take a leaf from an established Jade plant or a cutting that’s about two to three inches long. Put it in a pot with some potting soil and let it sit there for a few days. Leave the leaf alone if you want to grow new plants from it. Plant the stem in soil if you are trying to grow new plants from it. If it can’t hold its own weight, it’s obviously not strong and deserves to be publicly shamed. Haha, of course I’m joking! Oh, my. If your infant plant needs support, use toothpicks or the plant label.
We now pause. Please hold off for at least a month. Keep from watering it down. As the roots of your leaves and cuttings spread into the ground, you will feel a tugging sensation. You can now give your plant a good soaking. If you do this, both you and the plant will feel a sense of accomplishment.
Allow the soil to dry up completely between waterings, then place your plantlings in bright, indirect light. Baby succulents do well in a kitchen window since you will see them frequently, they will get enough of light, and you will be less likely to forget about them. Perfect!
What You Need to Know About Caring for Jade, Which Also Serves as Relationship Advice
Jade should be placed in a window that faces due south or due west for at least four hours per day. Wet the soil down to just below the point of drying out during the growing season (spring and summer) and let it dry out completely during the rest of the year (fall and winter).
When watering, be careful not to soak the leaves. You shouldn’t risk odd funguses and other invaders getting a hold of your lovely plant. However, every so often, take the time to gently dust the leaves. However, a healthy dose of affection is just the ticket. When you pamper something excessively, it becomes hostile. If you don’t believe me, go ask any of my dead succulents or exes.
Succulents are a lot of fun to fertilise. They think it’s great. Sparingly. I cannot stress this enough: succulents should not be over-appreciated. In this connection, you must always be the one in charge. If you want your Jade to realise it’s no big deal, give it some regular houseplant fertiliser; if you prefer your Jade plants to be a little conceited, go with a fertiliser made specifically for succulents or cacti. To keep your Jade from getting too big (and unruly! ), use a tiny pot. Alternatively, you can encourage growth by repotting your young Jade every 2–3 years, or your elder plant every 4–5 years. Do this before the start of the growing season, ideally in the early spring. Intent on repotting? Jade should not be immediately watered after being replanted. The girl needs some time to settle down before she takes on additional commitments like drinking. Do not fertilise for at least a month. It’s fine if you want to torch your own family tree, but spare hers the flames.
How about some mealybugs? Remove them using rubbing alcohol on a cotton swab or paper towel. Repeat this process every few days until the issue disappears. There’s always the option of starting over with a cutting if things get too out of hand. In the midst of uncontrollable sobbing. I assure you that everything will turn out OK. Probably.
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Commonly known as jade plant, Crassula ovata is also sometimes called friendship plant, money plant, or silver dollar plant. Despite being reclassified as argentea, portulaca, and C obliqua, it is sometimes still marketed and sold by the incorrectly spelled older names. About half of the roughly 300 species that make up this genus and family (Crassulaceae) are indigenous to southern Africa. Its genus name, crassula, means “thick” or “fat,” referring to its fleshy texture, and its species name, “ovata,” means “egg-shaped,” referring to the shape of its leaves. the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal are home to extensive valley thickets dominated by ovata. C arborescens, a close relative, is found in a separate region, the Little Karoo and the Central Karoo, and has practically spherical blue-gray leaves with an unique waxy bloom. The pink flower heads are small and spherical. The Khoi and other Africans ate the grated, cooked roots with thick milk as a staple diet. They also found therapeutic value in the leaves.
A bonsai-like jade plant.
The jade plant is a low-maintenance succulent that can replenish its water supply from its own leaves, stems, and roots. It has been a popular houseplant all across the globe and a landscaping plant in warmer regions. As it is slow-growing, prefers the warm, dry conditions typically found inside, thrives in containers, and tolerates neglect, it makes an excellent houseplant.
- ovata is found naturally as a tiny, rounded, evergreen shrub (to 6 feet) on dry, rocky hillsides. Even in immature specimens, the trunk seems gnarled and the many short, thick, succulent branches give the impression of immense antiquity. The trunks of elderly trees and shrubs often shed their bark in horizontal brownish stripes.
Leaves that are both rounded and meaty.
The egg-shaped, glossy, smooth leaves range in size from about 1 to 312 inches in length and 34 to 112 inches in width and are borne in pairs that are perpendicular to one another. Instead of being fairly distributed along the branches, they prefer to congregate near the tips. When cultivated in bright conditions, the green, fleshy leaves should have a reddish tinge or edge. Stems, like leaves, are green when young and extremely succulent, but turn brown and woody as they age. Eventually, nature will do its thing and the lowest leaves will fall off. Sunburn, pesticide damage, or frost can all cause the leaves to turn brown and fall off, but don’t worry; new leaves will soon take their place.
In reaction to the extended nighttime, tight globular clusters of tiny star-shaped flowers, either white or pink, are formed. A variety of insects, including bees, wasps, flies, beetles, and butterflies, are drawn to the blossoms by their subtle, pleasant aroma. In strong sunlight, the plant’s flower clusters can get so dense that they completely obscure the plant’s foliage. When the conditions are right, pollinated blooms will develop a capsule containing a seed. Blooming can be induced by withholding water and keeping the plant in a cold (about 55 F) environment, particularly at night in the autumn. They need to be kept in a place where they won’t get any extra light to ensure that the seasonal shift in light triggers flowering. Flowering should occur after several weeks of cold, dry, dark treatment followed by consistent watering.
The jade plant blooms with clusters of tiny, star-shaped blossoms in shades of white and pink.
Although strong indirect light is fine, a jade plant prefers at least four hours of direct sunlight per day. If a plant doesn’t get enough light, it will grow tall and leggy with dark green leaves and droopy stalks, rather than short and bushy with bright red hues. This plant can survive in a broad variety of climates, including mild frost, but it cannot survive temperatures below freezing. It is possible to transfer houseplants outside during the summer, but they will require time to adjust to the increased sunlight. Before the first frost, bring them inside.
Many plants suffer from root rot and top heaviness from being kept in containers for too long.
The ideal potting mixes for these plants are those without peat or other moisture-retentive components, as well as those with plenty of perlite. Create a planting mix that drains fast by combining topsoil with perlite, sharp sand, pea gravel, and/or chicken grit. Root-bound plants can be grown for years, but they should be repotted every two or three years, or whenever the plant becomes top heavy and tips easily. As soon as new growth appears is the ideal time to repot. When re-potting into the same size pot, prune the roots and trim the stems to maintain the plant’s structure and promote the growth of a sturdy central trunk. Don’t overwater it at first until it gets used to its new home.
Plants with jade-like leaves and blossoms.
Succulents, like most other types of plants, thrive when their soil is allowed to dry out completely between thorough waterings. Water heavily when plants are actively growing (spring and summer), but allow soil to dry out slightly between waterings to prevent root rot. Watering should be limited and the soil should remain on the dry side during the winter when they are dormant. The leaves will fall off and the stem will decay if you overwater it. Dwarfing, foliage spotting, leaf loss, and even death might result from a lack of water, despite the fact that these plants are succulents. It is recommended to fertilise jade plants every two months while they are actively growing, or more often with a diluted fertiliser.
If you want your jade plant to stay compact and healthy, prune it. You can achieve this by trimming the main stem back to a side branch in the spring. Pruning promotes the development of a strong trunk and strong roots, both of which are necessary for holding up the tree’s heavy leaves and stems. They are a great option for a succulent bonsai or sculptural plant because they can be shaped into little trees. Within a week or two, the wounds will have closed and new growth will have emerged.
An established cutting.
The jade plant is one of the easiest plants to cultivate from cuttings. Leaves or portions of the plant that break off and fall to the ground will root in a few weeks in the wild or when planted outside in moderate regions. It’s better to wait a few days after removing cuttings to plant them so the cut surface can dry and recover. The rooting process can be sped up by inserting the cut end into reasonably dry, well-drained soil. Even though summer is the best time to root cuttings, the jade plant can be propagated at any time. Seeds sown in the spring or summer will produce a harvestable plant.
Although mealybugs are the most common insect pest, this plant suffers from few other problems. When these white, fluffy insects invade, they can distort young plants. Cotton swabs dipped in rubbing alcohol can be used to remove the insects, but the plants will need to be cleaned often for days or weeks to ensure that they are all gone. The succulent leaves may be sensitive to insecticides, so use caution while spraying. Sometimes spider mites will also invade jade plants.
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